The State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission: Last year, the central enterprises achieved a net profit of 1.4 trillion yuan. Central enterprises’ 2020 report card: per capita profit of 148,000 yuan
Yesterday, the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission held a press conference, the Secretary-General of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council , Press spokesperson Peng Huagang was invited to introduce the economic performance of central enterprises in 2020. According to reports, in 2020, central enterprises will achieve a cumulative operating income of 30.3 trillion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 2.2%, and the decline has narrowed by 9.6 percentage points from the lowest point in the first quarter; central enterprises will achieve a net profit of 1.4 trillion yuan in 2020, a year-on-year increase of 2.1 %, nearly 80% of central SOEs’ net profits have been increasing year-on-year.
The per capita labor production value of central enterprises is 594,000
The data shows that the profit margin of central enterprises’ operating income in 2020 is 6.12%, an increase of 0.01% year-on-year; the profit rate of costs and expenses is 6.5%, year-on-year An increase of 0.2 percentage points; per capita labor production value was 594,000 yuan, a positive growth year-on-year; per capita profit was 148,000 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 0.5%.
Peng Huagang pointed out that in 2020, the production and sales of key products related to the national economy and the people's livelihood, such as oil, gas, electricity, steel, and coal, will grow steadily. He also revealed that by the end of 2020, the average asset-liability ratio of central enterprises was 64.5%, a decrease of 0.5 percentage points year-on-year, and the goal of reducing 2 percentage points in three years was satisfactorily achieved. Among them, the interest-bearing debt ratio was 37.7%, a year-on-year decrease of 0.6 percentage points. The debt structure was significantly improved, and the solvency was enhanced, keeping the bottom line of no bond default risk. He said frankly that the business development of state-owned enterprises last year rose against the trend, and made important contributions to my country's first control of the epidemic, the first to achieve a positive economic growth, a decisive fight against poverty, a decisive victory in an all-round well-off society, and the realization of the first centennial goal.
The introduction of social capital in the mixed reform of state-owned enterprises exceeds 1.5 trillion yuan
At the meeting, regarding the reform of state-owned enterprises, Peng Huagang said that after the three-year reform of state-owned enterprises is launched in 2020, the reform of the corporate system is basically completed. New steps have been taken in the construction of market-oriented operating mechanisms. Last year, 22 newly listed companies controlled by central enterprises implemented equity incentives, covering nearly 18,000 key core talents. The number of headquarters departments of the central enterprise group has been reduced by an average of more than 17%, and the staffing has been reduced by an average of 20%, and the vitality and efficiency of enterprises have been significantly enhanced. A historic breakthrough was made in solving problems left over from history. The separation and transfer of "three supplies and one industry" and municipal and community management, deepening reforms of education and medical institutions, reforms of large-scale factory-run collective enterprises, and socialized management of retirees were basically completed last year.
Since 2013, central SOEs have implemented more than 4,000 mixed reforms and introduced more than 1.5 trillion yuan in social capital. The number of centrally owned enterprises with mixed ownership accounted for more than 70%, an increase of nearly 20 percentage points from the end of 2012. The proportion of mixed-ownership households in local state-owned enterprises reached 54%, and the introduction of social capital exceeded 700 billion yuan. Pilots for mixed-ownership reforms in key areas such as electric power, civil aviation, telecommunications, and military industry have progressed steadily. Listed companies have become the main carriers for the mixed reform of central enterprises. The total assets and profits of listed companies controlled by central enterprises accounted for 67% and 88% of the overall central enterprises.
In addition, among the owners’ equity of central enterprises, the minority shareholder’s equity formed by the introduction of social capital will increase from 3.1 trillion yuan at the end of 2012 to 9.4 trillion yuan in 2020, and the proportion will increase from 27%. To 38%. In addition, there are more than 6,000 enterprises with external equity participation by central enterprises, and state-owned capital investment exceeds 400 billion yuan. This two-way mixed reform has promoted enterprises of various ownerships to learn from each other's strengths, promote each other, and develop together, and cultivate a number of industry-leading enterprises. And "hidden champion" companies.
Major scientific and technological innovation projects are included in the performance appraisal
With regard to the state-owned enterprises’ scientific and technological innovation, Peng Huagang said that in 2020, the central enterprises will resolutely withstand the impact of the epidemic and operating pressure, and promote funds and talents. , The policy is tilted towards key technological innovation enterprises and key projects. He mentioned that the R&D investment intensity of central enterprises reached 2.55%, an increase of 0.3% year-on-year. Among them, the R&D intensity of central industrial enterprises reached 3%. The R&D platform of central enterprises is constantly improving, with 4153 domestic R&D institutions, including 91 state key laboratories. The talent team is also growing. The central SOEs have 976,000 R&D personnel, including 229 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering. In 2019, there were 18 newly elected academicians in the central SOE system.
In the process of fighting the epidemic, Sinopharm took the lead in developing nucleic acid detection kits, and the world’s first inactivated COVID-19 vaccine was the first to be marketed in China with conditions. Electronic, telecommunications and other enterprises promptly put forward services such as "one network" and "one code prevention and control", providing scientific and technological support for normalized epidemic prevention and control.
He emphasized that in terms of performance appraisal, breakthroughs in major scientific and technological innovation projects are included in the appraisal scope, and the scientific research investment of central enterprises is added to the profit of central enterprises in the appraisal, which is regarded as profit for assessment. This group of articles / our reporter Li Yan